What Are Vascular Diseases of the Brain and Kidney?

Vascular diseases refer to disease of the blood vessels. The three types of blood vessels include veins, arteries, and lymphatics.

There are a number of arterial diseases, but vascular brain disease encompasses vascular dementia and cerebrovascular disease. Conditions may include stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) that cause a temporary drop in the brain’s blood supply. Subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs when blood leaks out of vessels in the brain. On the other hand, renal vascular disease refers to complications associated with arteries and veins in the kidneys.

What Causes Vascular Diseases of the Brain and Kidney?

Renal vascular disease may be due to renal artery stenosis (related to atherosclerosis), thrombosis, aneurysm, atheroembolic renal disease, and renal vein thrombosis. Atherosclerosis may cause Vascular Disease of the Brain when high cholesterol levels meet inflammation in the arteries to cause cholesterol buildup. In addition, cholesterol buildup creates plaque that can obstruct brain blood flow to cause stroke, TIA, dementia, or other complications.


For help with the above condition, check out this Vascular disease Health Plan.

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