What Is Carotid Artery Disease, and What Causes It?
Carotid Artery Disease occurs when plaque builds up inside of carotid arteries. The two main carotid arteries are on either side of the neck, each dividing into internal and external carotid arteries.
Internal carotid arteries are responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the brain.
On the other hand, external carotid arteries supply oxygen through the blood to the scalp, neck, and face.
Carotid artery disease is a serious cause for concern because it can result in a stroke, otherwise called a “brain attack.” A stroke will occur if blood to the brain is cut off.
If blood flow is cut off for more than a few minutes, brain cells will begin to die. This will result in damage to other parts of the body controlled by brain cells.
In addition, a stroke can also result in long-lasting brain damage as well as long-term disability. One may succumb to paralysis and speech and vision problems, or even death.
What Is Arterial Vascular Disease, and What Causes It?
Arterial Vascular Disease describes diseases that affect the blood vessels. These are the tubes, that pump blood throughout the body. The three categories of blood vessels are arteries, veins, and lymphatics.
Arteries supply oxygen in the blood from the heart to each part of the body, including the brain, kidneys, intestines, limbs, and the heart itself. Arterial diseases are ones that affect the arteries;
Veins return blood back to the heart and venous diseases are the ones that target the veins.
Lymphatics are the third type of blood vessel that supply fluid from the skin and other tissue to the veins.
For help with the above condition, check out this Health Plan.
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