What Is Osteoporosis and Osteopenia and What Causes Them?
What Is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease where calcium is leeched from the bones, making them become fragile and more likely to break. It can be prevented and treated, but if nothing is done, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These broken bones, also known as fractures, occur typically in the hip, spine, and wrist. Risk increases when a person has had a large amount of muscle loss caused by a lack of protein-building foods and weight-bearing exercise.
Of special concern are fractures of the hip and spine. A hip fracture almost always requires hospitalization and major surgery. It can impair a person’s ability to walk unassisted and may cause prolonged or permanent disability or even death. Spinal or vertebral fractures also have serious consequences, including loss of height, severe back pain, and deformity.
What Is Osteopenia?
Osteopenia is a condition where bone mineral density is lower than normal. It is considered by many doctors to be a precursor to osteoporosis. However, not every person diagnosed with osteopenia will develop osteoporosis. More specifically, osteopenia is defined as a bone mineral density T-score between -1.0 and -2.5.
What Causes Osteoporosis?
There are many studies that now point to a diet consisting of foods that are too acidic and create chronic inflammation. The best marker in the bloodstream for osteoporosis is an amino acid called homocysteine. This is also a marker for chronic inflammation. By changing the diet and taking nutrients to reverse the cause, a fast reversal of osteoporosis can take place.