What is the Prostate and What Causes Prostate Cancer?
What Is the Prostate?
The prostate is the male sex gland, and it can be found beneath the bladder. Around the size of a walnut, the prostate fits around the urethra, carrying urine away from the bladder. It also produces a thick fluid that is part of the semen.
What Problems Can Develop with the Prostate?
- Prostatitis occurs when the prostate grows swollen and enlarged, resulting in deep pelvic pain or pain during urination or ejaculation. Prostatitis may be caused by an infection.
- Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or Enlargement (BHE) occurs in men over the age of 50. If the prostate grows enlarged to squeeze the urethra, it can cause difficulties in urination.
- Prostatodynia is a long-term, chronic prostate disease. Though the disease does not have signs of inflammation or infection, it can cause pain and discomfort in the pelvis.
- Prostate Cancer is one of four life-threatening prostate disorders. Prostate cancer can often develop without noticeable symptoms; one in 11 men may have prostate cancer in their lifetime.
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is different from other types of cancers in the body, as there are small areas of cancer that are within the prostate that can stay dormant for a very long time. In a small number of men, the prostate cancer can grow more quickly and then spread to other areas of the body, especially the bones.
ICR Scientists may have made significant progress in prostate cancer research but very little is actually known about the genes and the molecular mechanisms that can actually cause prostate cancer. The disease still isn’t fully understood, and current treatments need to be improved upon for more to be known about it.