What is Prostate Cancer and What Causes It?

what causes prostate cancerProstate cancer, like any other cancer, occurs when healthy cells begin to change (mutate). They then multiply out of control, leading to a mass or tumor.

This disease deserves a little more attention, as it is perhaps the biggest concern for men. According to the World Cancer Research Fund International, the total diagnoses are at 1.1 million in 2012. Prostate cancer accounted for roughly 8 per cent of all new cancer diagnoses. In addition, it accounts for 15 per cent of cancers in men.

In many Western countries, prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers. Furthermore, it remains a leading cause of cancer death. The highest rates of this condition can be found in the United States, especially among black men. China has some of the lowest rates of prostate cancer.

Signs of Prostate Cancer

  • Painful urination
  • Hard time voiding
  • Frequent urination and retnetion
  • Blood in the urine

Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer:

  • First degree relative (parent, child or sibling) with prostate cancer
  • Consumption of dairy products
  • Drinking soft drinks
  • Being overweight, especially obese
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Elevated IGF-1 blood levels


What is the prostate?

The prostate is an organ which forms part of the male reproductive system. It can be found in front of the bladder and in front of the bowel.


What problems can develop with the prostate?

If the prostate swells and enlarges, the condition is called prostatitis. This can cause deep pain within the pelvis all of the time, or during urination or ejaculation. This can be painful and spread to other parts of the pelvis. The prostatitis can also be due to an infection.


Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or enlargement (BHE) is a condition that affects men mostly over the age of 50. The prostate enlarges and if it’s sufficient to squeeze the urethra that passes through the prostate, difficulties with urination can occur.


Prostatodynia is a longstanding chronic prostate disease. There are usually no signs of infection or inflammation, although pain and discomfort can be felt in the pelvic region area.


Prostate Cancer is one of the four disorders of the prostate that can be potentially life threatening. Many can also develop without any apparent symptoms. An estimated one man in eleven will develop prostate cancer in their lifetime.


Prostate cancer happens when the cells in the prostate start to reproduce more rapidly than in a normal prostate, resulting in a swelling or a tumor. Unlike BPH however, the prostate cells break out of the prostate and begin to invade other areas of the body such as the bones and the lymph nodes. The result is secondary tumors  known as metastasis. Once this cancer escapes from the prostate treatment is still possible but a ‘cure’ is impossible – at least according to the medical world.

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