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What are Osteoporosis and Osteopenia and what causes them?

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease where calcium is leeched from the bones, making them become fragile, and more likely to break. It can be prevented and treated, but if nothing is done, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These broken bones, also known as fractures, occur typically in the hip, spine, and wrist. They are particularly prone when the person has had a large amount of muscle loss by not enough eating protein-building foods and not doing enough weight bearing exercises.

Of special concern are fractures of the hip and spine. A hip fracture almost always requires hospitalisation and major surgery. It can impair a person’s ability to walk unassisted and may cause prolonged or permanent disability or even death. Spinal or vertebral fractures also have serious consequences, including loss of height, severe back pain, and deformity.

What is Osteopenia?

Osteopenia is a condition where bone mineral density is lower than normal. It is considered by many doctors to be a precursor to osteoporosis. However, not every person diagnosed with osteopenia will develop osteoporosis. More specifically, osteopenia is defined as a bone mineral density T-score between -1.0 and -2.5.

What Causes Osteoporosis?

There are many studies that now point to a diet consisting of foods that are too acid and create chronic inflammation. The best marker in the blood stream for the prediction of Osteoporosis is an amino acid called Homocysteine. This is also a marker for chronic inflammation. By changing the diet and taking nutrients to reverse the cause a fast reversal of the Osteoporosis takes place.

 

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¿Qué son la Osteoporosis y la Osteopenia y Qué las Causa?

¿Qué es la Osteoporosis?

La osteoporosis es una enfermedad en la que el calcio es extraído de los huesos, lo que los hace frágiles y es más probable que se rompan. Se puede prevenir y tratar, pero si no se hace nada, la osteoporosis puede progresar sin dolor hasta que se rompe un hueso. Estos huesos rotos, también conocidos como fracturas, ocurren típicamente en la cadera, la columna vertebral y la muñeca. Son particularmente propensos cuando la persona ha tenido una gran cantidad de pérdida muscular por no haber comido suficientes alimentos que desarrollen proteínas y por no realizar suficientes ejercicios de levantamiento de peso.

Las fracturas de cadera y de columna vertebral son de especial preocupación. Una fractura de cadera casi siempre requiere hospitalización y cirugía mayor. Puede perjudicar la capacidad de una persona para caminar sin ayuda y puede causar una discapacidad prolongada o permanente e incluso la muerte. Las fracturas espinales o vertebrales también tienen serias consecuencias, que incluyen pérdida de altura, dolor de espalda severo y deformidad.

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