What is Heart Disease and What Causes It?
What Is Heart Disease?
Heart disease in this section refers to a group of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels local to the heart, including angina (cardiomyopathy), ischaemic or coronary heart disease, diseased heart valves, and heart failure.
Cardiovascular disease refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, principally cardiac disease, vascular diseases of the brain and kidney, and peripheral arterial disease. These are all covered in the Cardiovascular Plan.
What Causes Heart Disease?
Heart and cardiovascular diseases remain the biggest cause of death worldwide, though over the last two decades, cardiovascular mortality rates have declined in many high-income countries as healthier lifestyle choices are adopted. At the same time, cardiovascular deaths and disease have increased at an astonishing rate in low- and middle-income countries as they take on the junk food and smoking habits of the Western countries.
Chronic inflammation (caused in the main by diet, missing nutrients in modern foods, stress, sugar drinks, and smoking) is clearly the cause of such diseases. The correct form of exercise can help in some cases but can make matters worse in others. If exercising, short, high-intensity exercise sets (e.g. 200 metre sprints) with recovery rests in between each set (also called interval training) are shown in studies to be far healthier than long-distance jogging exercise. Weight training is also recommended.
Since up to 50% of all deaths between the ages of 45 and 70 are caused by heart/cardiovascular diseases, “thinking” people should start to think about their health plan so they can remain in the other 50%.