What is Epilepsy and what causes it?
What is Epilepsy?
It is a group of long term neurological disorders characterized by seizures. These seizures are episodes varying from brief and nearly undetectable to long periods of vigorous shaking. Seizures due to epilepsy tend to recur and in addition, have no immediate cause. Seizures that occur right around a specific cause may not be epilepsy.
The cause in most cases is unknown. However, some are the result of brain trauma, stroke, brain cancer, and drug and alcohol misuse among others. Epileptic seizures are the result of excessive and abnormal cortical nerve cell activity in the brain. The diagnosis typically involves ruling out other conditions that might cause similar symptoms (such as syncope). It also involves figuring out if any immediate causes are present. Electroencephalogram can sometimes confirm this condition.
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